China factory Petroleum Machinery Pto Shaft/Universal Shaft/Cardan Shaft/Crank Shaft

Product Description

Who we are?
HangZhou XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. CARDANSHAFT CO;LTD has 15 years history.When the general manager Mr.Rony Du graduated from the university,he always concentrated his attention on the research and development,production and sales of the cardan shaft.Mr.Rony Du and his team started from scratch,from 1 lathe and a very small order,step by step to grow up.He often said to his team”We will only do 1 thing well——to make the perfect cardan shaft”.

                                                               General manager  Mr.Rony Du
HangZhou XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. CARDANSHAFT CO.,LTD was founded in 2005.The registered capital is 8 million ,covers an area of 15 acres, has 30 existing staff. The company specializing in the production of SWC, SWP cross universal coupling and drum tooth coupling.The company with factory is located in the beautiful coast of Tai Lake –Hudai (HangZhou Economic Development Zone Hudai Industrial Park).
In order to become China’s leading cardan shaft one-stop solution expert supplier .XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. CARDANSHAFT independent research and development of SWC light, medium, short, heavy Designs cardan shaft have reached the leading domestic level.Products not only supporting domestic large and medium-sized customers, but also exported to the United States, India, Vietnam, Laos, Ukraine, Russia, Germany, Britain and other countries and areas.In the past 15 years, the company has accumulated a wealth of experience, learn from foreign advanced technology, and to absorb and use the universal axis has been improved several times, so that the structure is maturing, significantly improved performance.
 

                                          XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. Office Building  
XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. belief: “Continuous innovation, optimize the structure, perseverance” to create a high quality of outstanding cardan shaft manufacturer.We always adhere to the ISO9001 quality control system, from the details to start, standardize the production process, and to achieve processing equipment “specialization, numerical control” rapid increase in product quality.This Not only won the majority of customers reputation, but also access to peer recognition. We continue to strive to pursue: “for customers to create the greatest value, for the staff to build the best platform”, will be able to achieve customer and business mutually beneficial CHINAMFG situation.

                                  Welcome to XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. CARDANSHAFT

Why choose us?
First,select raw material carefully
 
  The cross is the core component of cardan shaft,so the selection of material is particularly critical.Raw materials of the cross for light Duty Size and Medium Duty Size,we choose the 20CrMnTi special gear steel bar from SHAGANG GROUP.Being forged in 2500 ton friction press to ensure internal metallurgical structure,inspecting the geometric dimensions of each part to meet the drawing requirements,then transfer to machining,the processes of milling, turning, quenching and grinding.
 
The inspector will screen blank yoke head.The porosity, cracks, slag, etc. do not meet the requirements of the casting foundry are all eliminated,then doing physical and chemical analysis, to see whether the ingredients meet the requirements, unqualified re-elimination.And then transferred to the quenching and tempering heat treatment, once again check the hardness to see if meet the requirements, qualified to be transferred to the machining process. We control from the source of the material to ensure the supply of raw materials qualified rate of 99%.
 
  
 Second,advanced production equipment
 
XIHU (WEST LAKE) DIS. Company introduced four-axis linkage machining center made in ZheJiang , milling the keyway and flange bolt hole of the flange yoke, The once machine-shaping ensures that the symmetry of the keyway and the position of the bolt hole are less than 0.02mm,which greatly improves the installation accuracy of the flange,the 4 axis milling and drilling center holes of the cross are integrated,to ensure that the 4 shaft symmetry and verticality are less than 0.02mm,the process of the journal cross assembly service life can be increased by 30%, and the speed at 1000 rpm above the cardan shaft running smoothly and super life is crucial to the operation.
 
We use CNC machine to lathe flange yoke and welded yoke,CNC machine can not only ensure the accuracy of the flange connection with the mouth, but also improve the flange surface finish.
 
5 CHINAMFG automatic welding machine welding spline sleeve and tube,welded yoke and tube.With the welding CHINAMFG swing mechanism, automatic lifting mechanism, adjustment mechanism and welding CHINAMFG cooling system, welding machine can realize multi ring continuous welding, each coil current and voltage can be preset, arc starting and stopping control PLC procedures, reliable welding quality, the weld bead is smooth and beautiful, to control the welding process with fixed procedures, greatly reducing the uncertainty of human during welding, greatly improve the welding effect.
 
 
High speed cardan shaft needs to do dynamic balance test before leaving the factory.Unbalanced cardan shaft will produce excessive centrifugal force at high speed and reduce the service life of the bearing;the dynamic balance test can eliminate the uneven distribution of the casting weight and the mass distribution of the whole assembly;Through the experiment to achieve the design of the required balance quality, improve the universal shaft service life.In 2008 the company introduced 2 high-precision dynamic balance test bench, the maximum speed can reach 4000 rev / min, the balance of G0.8 accuracy, balance weight 2kg–1000kg.
 
In order to make the paint standardization, in 2009 the company bought 10 CHINAMFG of clean paint room , the surface treatment of cardan shaft is more standardized, paint fastness is more rugged, staff’s working conditions improved, exhaust of harmless treatment.
 

Third,Professional transport packaging
 
 
The packing of the export cardan shaft is all in the same way as the plywood wooden box, and then it is firmly secured with the iron sheet, so as to avoid the damage caused by the complicated situation in the long-distance transportation. Meet the standard requirements of plywood boxes into Europe and other countries, no matter where can successfully reach all the country’s ports.

The following table for SWC Medium-sized Universal Shaft Parameters. 

   Designs

Data and Sizes of SWC Series Universal Joint Couplings

Type Design
Data
Item
SWC160 SWC180 SWC200 SWC225 SWC250 SWC265 SWC285 SWC315 SWC350 SWC390 SWC440 SWC490 SWC550 SWC620
A L 740 800 900 1000 1060 1120 1270 1390 1520 1530 1690 1850 2060 2280
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 65 83 115 152 219 260 311 432 610 804 1122 1468 2154 2830
B L 480 530 590 640 730 790 840 930 100 1571 1130 1340 1400 1520
M(kg) 44 60 85 110 160 180 226 320 440 590 820 1090 1560 2100
C L 380 420 480 500 560 600 640 720 782 860 1040 1080 1220 1360
M(kg) 35 48 66 90 130 160 189 270 355 510 780 970 1330 1865
D L 520 580 620 690 760 810 860 970 1030 1120 1230 1360 1550 1720
M(kg) 48 65 90 120 173 220 250 355 485 665 920 1240 1765 2390
E L 800 850 940 1050 1120 1180 1320 1440 1550 1710 1880 2050 2310 2540
LV 100 100 120 140 140 140 140 140 150 170 190 190 240 250
M(kg) 70 92 126 165 238 280 340 472 660 886 1230 1625 2368 3135
  Tn(kN·m) 16 22.4 31.5 40 63 80 90 125 180 250 355 500 710 1000
  TF(kN·m) 8 11.2 16 20 31.5 40 45 63 90 125 180 250 355 500
  Β(°) 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15
  D 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 390 440 490 550 620
  Df 160 180 200 225 250 265 285 315 350 3690 440 490 550 620
  D1 137 155 170 196 218 233 245 280 310 345 390 435 492 555
  D2(H9) 100 105 120 135 150 160 170 185 210 235 255 275 320 380
  D3 108 114 140 159 168 180 194 219 245 273 299 325 402 426
  Lm 95 105 110 125 140 150 160 180 195 215 260 270 305 340
  K 16 17 18 20 25 25 27 32 35 40 42 47 50 55
  T 4 5 5 5 6 6 7 8 8 8 10 12 12 12
  N 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 16 16 16 16
  D 15 17 17 17 19 19 21 23 23 25 28 31 31 38
  B 20 24 32 32 40 40 40 40 50 70 80 90 100 100
  G 6.0 7.0 9.0 9.0 12.5 12.5 12.5 15.0 16.0 18.0 20.0 22.5 22.5 25
  MI(Kg) 2.57 3 3.85 3.85 5.17 6 6.75 8.25 10.6 13 18.50 23.75 29.12 38.08
  Size M14 M16 M16 M16 M18 M18 M20 M22 M22 M24 M27 M30 M30 M36
  Tightening torque(Nm) 180 270 270 270 372 372 526 710 710 906 1340 1820 1820 3170

1. Notations: 
L=Standard length, or compressed length for designs with length compensation; 
LV=Length compensation; 
M=Weight; 
Tn=Nominal torque(Yield torque 50% over Tn); 
TF=Fatigue torque, I. E. Permissible torque as determined according to the fatigue strength
Under reversing loads; 
β=Maximum deflection angle; 
MI=weight per 100mm tube
2. Millimeters are used as measurement units except where noted; 
3. Please consult us for customizations regarding length, length compensation and
Flange connections. 
(DIN or SAT etc. )
 

Brief Introduction

Processing flow

Applications
  
                                                                                                                                                                 

Quality Control                                                                                                                                                                                                

       
      

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Material: Alloy Steel
Load: Drive Shaft
Stiffness & Flexibility: Stiffness / Rigid Axle
Journal Diameter Dimensional Accuracy: IT6-IT9
Axis Shape: Straight Shaft
Shaft Shape: Hollow Axis
Customization:
Available

|

Customized Request

pto shaft

How do PTO shafts handle variations in length and connection methods?

PTO (Power Take-Off) shafts are designed to handle variations in length and connection methods to accommodate different equipment setups and ensure efficient power transfer. PTO shafts need to be adjustable in length to bridge the distance between the power source and the driven machinery. Additionally, they must provide versatile connection methods to connect to a wide range of equipment. Here’s a detailed explanation of how PTO shafts handle variations in length and connection methods:

1. Telescoping Design: PTO shafts often feature a telescoping design, allowing them to be adjusted in length to suit different equipment configurations. The telescoping feature enables the shaft to extend or retract, accommodating varying distances between the power source (such as a tractor or engine) and the driven machinery. By adjusting the length of the PTO shaft, it can be properly aligned and connected to ensure optimal power transfer. Telescoping PTO shafts typically consist of multiple tubular sections that slide into one another, providing flexibility in length adjustment.

2. Splined Shafts: PTO shafts commonly employ splined shafts as the primary connection method between the power source and driven machinery. Splines are a series of ridges or grooves along the shaft that interlock with corresponding grooves in the mating component. The splined connection allows for torque transfer while maintaining alignment between the power source and driven machinery. Splined shafts can handle variations in length by extending or retracting the telescoping sections while still maintaining a solid connection between the power source and the driven equipment.

3. Adjustable Sliding Yokes: PTO shafts typically feature adjustable sliding yokes on one or both ends of the shaft. These yokes allow for angular adjustment, accommodating variations in the alignment between the power source and driven machinery. The sliding yokes can be moved along the splined shaft to achieve the desired angle and maintain proper alignment. This flexibility ensures that the PTO shaft can handle length variations while ensuring efficient power transfer without placing excessive strain on the universal joints or other components.

4. Universal Joints: Universal joints are integral components of PTO shafts that allow for angular misalignment between the power source and driven machinery. They consist of a cross-shaped yoke with bearings that transmit torque between connected shafts while accommodating misalignment. Universal joints provide flexibility in connecting PTO shafts to equipment that may not be perfectly aligned. As the PTO shaft length varies, the universal joints compensate for the changes in angle, allowing for smooth power transmission even when there are variations in length or misalignment between the power source and driven machinery.

5. Coupling Mechanisms: PTO shafts utilize various coupling mechanisms to securely connect to the power source and driven machinery. These mechanisms often involve a combination of splines, bolts, locking pins, or quick-release mechanisms. The coupling methods can vary depending on the specific equipment and industry requirements. The versatility of PTO shafts allows for the use of different coupling methods, ensuring a reliable and secure connection regardless of the length variation or equipment configuration.

6. Customization Options: PTO shafts can be customized to handle specific length variations and connection methods. Manufacturers offer options to select different lengths of telescoping sections to match the specific distance between the power source and driven machinery. Additionally, PTO shafts can be tailored to accommodate various connection methods through the selection of splined shaft sizes, yoke designs, and coupling mechanisms. This customization enables PTO shafts to meet the specific requirements of different equipment setups, ensuring optimal power transfer and compatibility.

7. Safety Considerations: When handling variations in length and connection methods, it is essential to consider safety. PTO shafts incorporate protective guards and shields to prevent accidental contact with rotating components. These safety measures must be appropriately adjusted and installed to provide adequate coverage and protection, regardless of the PTO shaft’s length or connection configuration. Safety guidelines and regulations should be followed to ensure the proper installation, adjustment, and use of PTO shafts in order to prevent accidents or injuries.

By incorporating telescoping designs, splined shafts, adjustable sliding yokes, universal joints, and versatile coupling mechanisms, PTO shafts can handle variations in length and connection methods. The flexibility of PTO shafts allows them to adapt to different equipment setups, ensuring efficient power transfer while maintaining alignment and safety.

pto shaft

Are there any limitations or disadvantages associated with PTO shafts?

While PTO (Power Take-Off) shafts offer numerous advantages in terms of power transfer and versatility, they also have certain limitations and disadvantages. It’s important to consider these factors when using PTO shafts to ensure safe and efficient operation. Here’s a detailed explanation of some limitations and disadvantages associated with PTO shafts:

1. Safety Hazards: One of the primary concerns with PTO shafts is the potential for safety hazards. PTO shafts rotate at high speeds and can pose a significant risk if not properly guarded or handled. Accidental contact with an exposed or inadequately shielded PTO shaft can result in severe injuries, including entanglement, amputation, or even fatalities. It is crucial to follow safety guidelines, implement proper guarding, and ensure that operators are well-trained on safe handling practices to mitigate these risks.

2. Maintenance and Lubrication: PTO shafts require regular maintenance and lubrication to ensure optimal performance and longevity. The moving parts, such as universal joints and splines, need to be inspected, cleaned, and lubricated at recommended intervals. Neglecting maintenance can lead to premature wear, decreased efficiency, and potential failures. Proper maintenance practices, including regular inspections and timely lubrication, are essential to mitigate these issues.

3. Alignment and Angles: PTO shafts rely on proper alignment and angles to ensure efficient power transfer. Misalignment or excessive angles between the power source and driven machinery can cause increased wear and strain on the components, leading to premature failure. Ensuring proper alignment and angle adjustment, using adjustable sliding yokes or other means, is important to prevent excessive stress on the PTO shaft and associated equipment.

4. Length Limitations: PTO shafts have limitations on their maximum and minimum length due to engineering constraints. The telescoping design allows for some adjustment, but there is a practical limit to how much the shaft can extend or retract. If the distance between the power source and driven machinery exceeds the maximum or falls below the minimum length of the PTO shaft, alternative solutions or modifications may be required. In some cases, additional components such as drive shaft extensions or gearboxes may be necessary to bridge the distance.

5. Compatibility: While manufacturers strive to ensure compatibility, there can still be challenges in finding the right PTO shaft for specific equipment configurations. Equipment may have unique requirements in terms of spline sizes, torque ratings, or connection methods that may not be readily available or compatible with off-the-shelf PTO shafts. Customization may be required to address these compatibility issues, which can result in increased costs or lead times.

6. Noise and Vibrations: PTO shafts in operation can generate significant noise and vibrations, especially at higher speeds. This can be a nuisance for operators and may require additional measures to reduce noise levels or dampen vibrations. Excessive vibrations can also affect the overall performance and lifespan of the PTO shaft and connected equipment. Implementing vibration dampeners or using flexible couplings can help mitigate these issues.

7. Power Limits: PTO shafts have specific power limits based on their design, materials, and components. Exceeding these power limits can lead to premature wear, component failures, or even shaft breakage. It is crucial to understand and adhere to the recommended power ratings for PTO shafts to ensure safe and reliable operation. In some cases, upgrading to a higher-capacity PTO shaft or implementing additional power transmission components may be necessary to accommodate higher power requirements.

8. Complex Installation and Removal: Installing and removing PTO shafts can be a complex process, especially in confined spaces or when dealing with heavy equipment. It may require aligning splines, engaging couplings, and securing locking mechanisms. Improper installation or removal techniques can lead to damage to the shaft or associated equipment. Proper training, handling equipment, and following manufacturer guidelines are essential to simplify and ensure the safe installation and removal of PTO shafts.

Despite these limitations and disadvantages, PTO shafts remain widely used and valuable components for power transfer in various industries. By addressing these considerations and implementing proper safety measures, maintenance practices, and alignment procedures, the potential drawbacks of PTO shafts can be effectively mitigated, allowing for safe and efficient operation.

pto shaft

How do PTO shafts contribute to transferring power from tractors to implements?

PTO shafts (Power Take-Off shafts) play a critical role in transferring power from tractors to implements in agricultural and industrial settings. They provide a reliable and efficient means of power transmission, enabling tractors to drive various implements and perform a wide range of tasks. Here’s a detailed explanation of how PTO shafts contribute to transferring power from tractors to implements:

Power Source: Tractors are equipped with powerful engines designed to generate substantial amounts of mechanical power. This power is harnessed to drive the tractor’s wheels and operate hydraulic systems, as well as to provide power for the attachment of implements through the PTO shaft. The PTO shaft typically connects to the rear or side of the tractor, where the power take-off mechanism is located. The power take-off derives power directly from the tractor’s engine or transmission, allowing for efficient power transfer to the PTO shaft.

PTO Shaft Design: PTO shafts are designed as driveline components that transmit rotational power and torque from the tractor’s power take-off to the implement. They consist of a hollow metal tube with universal joints at each end. The universal joints accommodate angular misalignments and allow the PTO shaft to transmit power even when the tractor and implement are not perfectly aligned. The PTO shaft is also equipped with a safety shield or guard to prevent accidental contact with the rotating shaft, ensuring operator safety during operation.

PTO Engagement: To transfer power from the tractor to the implement, the PTO shaft needs to be engaged. Tractors are equipped with a PTO clutch mechanism that allows operators to engage or disengage the PTO shaft as needed. When the PTO clutch is engaged, power flows from the tractor’s engine through the power take-off mechanism and into the PTO shaft. This rotational power is then transmitted through the PTO shaft to the implement, driving its working components.

Rotational Power Transmission: The rotational power generated by the tractor’s engine is transferred to the PTO shaft through the power take-off mechanism. The PTO shaft, being directly connected to the power take-off, rotates at the same speed as the engine. This rotational power is then transmitted from the PTO shaft to the implement’s driveline or gearbox. The implement’s driveline, in turn, distributes the power to the implement’s working components, such as blades, augers, or pumps, enabling them to carry out their respective functions.

Matching Speed and Power: PTO shafts are designed to match the rotational speed and power requirements of various implements. Tractors often feature multiple speed settings for the PTO, allowing operators to select the appropriate speed for the specific implement being used. Different implements may require different rotational speeds to operate optimally, and the PTO shaft allows for easy adjustment to match those requirements. Additionally, the power generated by the tractor’s engine is transmitted through the PTO shaft, providing the necessary torque to drive the implement’s working components effectively.

Versatility and Efficiency: PTO shafts offer significant versatility and efficiency in agricultural and industrial operations. They allow tractors to power a wide range of implements, including mowers, balers, tillers, sprayers, and grain augers, among others. By connecting implements directly to the tractor’s power source, operators can quickly switch between tasks without the need for separate power generators or engines. This versatility and efficiency streamline workflow, reduce costs, and increase overall productivity in agricultural and industrial settings.

Safety Considerations: While PTO shafts are essential for power transmission, they can pose safety risks if mishandled. The rotating shaft and universal joints can cause severe injuries if operators come into contact with them while in operation. That’s why PTO shafts are equipped with safety shields or guards to prevent accidental contact. Operators should always ensure that the safety shields are in place and secure before engaging the PTO shaft. Proper training, adherence to safety guidelines, and regular maintenance of PTO shafts and associated safety features are crucial to ensuring safe operation.

In summary, PTO shafts are vital components that enable the transfer of power from tractors to implements in agricultural and industrial applications. They provide a reliable and efficient means of power transmission, allowing tractors to drive various implements and perform a wide range of tasks. By engaging the PTO clutch and transmitting rotational power through the PTO shaft, tractors power the working components of implements, providing versatility, efficiency, and productivity in agricultural and industrial operations.

China factory Petroleum Machinery Pto Shaft/Universal Shaft/Cardan Shaft/Crank Shaft  China factory Petroleum Machinery Pto Shaft/Universal Shaft/Cardan Shaft/Crank Shaft
editor by CX 2024-04-19

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